Bunion Q & A
What is a bunion?
A bunion is a bony bump that forms on the joint on the outside of your big toe. When your big toe is constantly pushing against its neighboring toe, it can lead to your toe joint bending out of shape over time, forming the bump of the bunion.
The skin of a bunion is generally red and very sore. Smaller bunions can also form on the joint of your small toe, leaving a bony bump on that side of your foot.
What are the signs and symptoms of a bunion?
The bump that forms on your toe joint can be accompanied by other signs and symptoms, including:
- Persistent pain
- Limited ability to move your big toe
A bunion can be extremely painful and inconvenient. For example, it can be hard to find shoes that fit due to the growth. Even though a bunion doesn’t always require medical treatment, Dr. Deacon can help address practical issues, such as assisting in finding shoes that fit and speeding up treatment.
What causes a bunion?
In most cases, the exact cause of a bunion isn’t known. However, there are a variety of possibilities as to what leads to the development of a bunion.
Injuries to the foot are suspected as a potential cause, as are genetic factors, or your inherited foot type. There’s some debate among experts as to whether or not overly tight footwear, such as high heels, can leave you with an increased risk of developing a bunion. Bunions also may be linked to certain types of arthritis.
How is a bunion treated?
Dr. Deacon usually helps treat bunions with a host of conservative treatments that gradually restore your toe area back to normal. Changing shoes, padding, and taping that puts your foot back in a normal position, and shoe inserts can all help relieve the pain of a bunion and treat it over time.
Pain medication can also alleviate pressure and pain. Using ice to reduce swelling is also often recommended. In rare cases, Dr. Deacon may recommend surgery to remove swollen tissue or a small piece of bone to realign your toe and get rid of the bump.
If you notice a bunion, don’t hesitate to call Milwaukee Advanced Foot & Ankle Clinic or use the online booking tool to schedule an appointment with Dr. Deacon today.